Cosmic Ray News Bulletin


Author: Frank C. Jones
Laboratory for High Energy Astrophysics, Code 665
NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center
Greenbelt, Maryland 20771, USA
Tel: 1-301-286-5506
Fax: 1-301-286-1682
(Back Issues are available)



The 25th International Cosmic Ray Conference was held between 30 July and 6 August in Durban, South Africa. It was attended by approximately 495 delegates from 34 countries, together with 105 accompanying persons.

The conference consisted of 780 oral and poster contributions. The oral contributions were presented in three parallel sessions, while a poster session was scheduled everyday. In addition, there were four invited talks and seven plenary highlight sessions. The latter were used to present important new results to the entire community. The last day of the conference was devoted to rapporteur talks, in which the contributions to the conference were summarised and evaluated.

Prof. J.A. Simpson of the University of Chicago presented the Hess Lecture of the conference during the Opening Ceremony in Durban City Hall. The title of his lecture was "The Cosmic Radiation: Assessing the Present and the Future".

The 780 contributed papers were published in the Conference Proceedings, consisting of 3120 pages in 7 volumes. These Proceedings were prepared in two months, and were ready on registration day. An eighth volume, containing the Hess Lecture and the invited, highlight and rapporteur papers will be published by World Scientific Publishing Company (Singapore) early in 1998. At the time of writing (last week of November 1997), the camera ready manuscript was on its way from South Africa to Singapore.

On request of the Cosmic Ray Commission, the conference was shortened form its normal 9 to 10 working days to six. This could be achieved by scheduling more papers for poster presentation, together with a pre-conference day which was set aside for workshops. These workshops were requested and planned by members of the community, and the Organizing Committee was only responsible for providing the physical facilities.

Financial support was provided to several delegates to participate in the conference: 25 delegates received free registration, while 27 received free registration and accommodation. This financial assistance was made possible directly or indirectly through generous sponsorships and support form the Potchefstrooom University, the Foundation for Research Development, the Mayor of Durban, the Chairman's Fund of the Anglo American and de Beers Companies, the Stellenbosch Farmers' Winery, and South African Airways.

H. Moraal
Organizing Committee

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The organization of the 26th ICRC is underway and a WEB page is up and running. There is, as yet, little information about the conference itself but if you check their page at you will SEE lots of reasons to attend.

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32nd COSPAR Scientific Assembly - 40th Anniversary
Nagoya, Japan, 12-19 July 1998
Symposium Information

(This issue of CosNews was too late for the abstract submission deadline, Jan. 9, but this information is presented for those who may wish to attend without presenting a paper)

DO.6 The transport of Galactic and Anomalous Cosmic Rays in the Heliosphere: Observations, Simulations and Theory

Programme Committee   Date: 14-15 July (1.5 days)
Main Scientific Organizer: Z. Fujii (Japan)  
Deputy Organizer: F.B. McDonald (USA)  
Scientific Editor: M.S. Potgieter (South Africa)  
Organizing Committee: J.R. Jokipii (USA)  
  D.E. Page (USA)  
  J.J. Quenby (UK)  
  G. Wibberentz (Germany)  

Information on the Program

The extensive data on galactic and anomalous cosmic rays now available from spacecraft in the distant heliosphere, at high solar latitude and I AU offer new insight into the transport and acceleration of energetic particles in a complex astrophysical plasma and on the large scale structure and dynamics of our heliosphere. The focus of this symposium is on the energetic particle observations (including earth-based and balloon experiment related to), simulations, and theoretical studies that help us to understand the large scale properties of our extended heliosphere. The symposium will consist of solicited and contributed papers on these topics. The contributed papers will be both oral and poster.

Please follow the instructions when preparing your abstract. Mail the original abstract or corresponding file to Copernicus Gesellschaft. Send a copy of your abstract to the Main Scientific Organizer of the symposium. The fact that a papers has been solicited from an author does not imply a commitment on the part of the organizers to provide financial support or free registration.

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Roger Doyle who composed the music performed at the opening ceremony of the ICRC in Dublin in 1991 has recently won the Bourges International Electro-acoustic Music Award which, according to newspaper reports, is "probably the most prestigious forum for modern classical music." The piece was commissioned by the Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies with support from the Irish Arts Council.

The Bourges Festival attracted 550 entries this year and Roger is the first Irish composer to win the award. The work, entitled "Spirit Levels 1-4", will be broadcast by 32 radio stations around the world. Roger's ICRC music was included on a recently issued CD titled 'Babel' Vol 2.

Further details are available on the web page or e-mail

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This is the first announcement of the Xth International Symposium on Very High Energy Cosmic Ray Interactions that will be held at the Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (AQ), Italy, on July 12-17, 1998.

The Symposium is organized under the auspices of the International Cosmic Ray Commission (IUPAP), the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) and the University of Torino.


Attendance is by invitation only and will be limited to about 150 participants. Invited colleagues willing to participate should carefully fill in the Registration Form and return it NOT LATER THAN APRIL 6, 1998. Those interested in attending the Symposium, and not yet invited, may request an invitation by writing to the Chairman of the Organizing Committee at the address given below. New invitations will be issued, if available. The second Bulletin will be mailed to all people who sent the Registration Form within the required time.


International Advisory Committee
C.Aguirre ABC, Bolivia
S.Miyake Kanagawa, Japan
J.Arafune ICRR, Japan
C.M.G.Lattes CBPF, Brasil
J.D.Bjorken SLAC, USA
S.I.Nikolsky Lebedev, Russia
F.Bobisut Padova, Italy
A.Ohsawa ICRR, Japan
J.N.Capdevielle Paris, France
M.V.S.Rao Tata, India
C.Castagnoli Torino, Italy
N.Roinishvili IPhy, Georgia
J.Cronin Chicago, USA
C.Rubbia CERN, Geneve
L.K.Ding IHEP, China
L.Scarsi Palermo, Italy
Y.Fujimoto Waseda, Japan
G.Schatz Karlsruhe, Germany
T.K.Gaisser Delaware, USA
S.A.Slavatinsky Lebedev, Russia
C.Goulianos Rockfeller, USA
M.Spinetti Frascati, Italy
F.Halzen Wisconsin, USA
A.Turtelli UEC, Brasil
A.M.Hillas Leeds, UK
A.White ANL, USA
L.W.Jones Michigan, USA
G.B.Yodh UC Irvine, USA
K.Kondo Tsukuba, Japan
T.Yuda ICRR, Japan
J.Kempa Lodz, Poland
G.T.Zatsepin INR, Russia
M.Koshiba Tokai, Japan

Local Organizing Committee
G.Battistoni INFN, Milano
V.Berezinski Lab.Naz.del Gran Sasso, INFN, L'Aquila
A.Castellina (Scientific Secr.) Ist.Cosmogeofisica del CNR e INFN, Torino
A.Grillo Lab.Naz.Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi (L'Aquila)
P.Lipari Universita' e INFN, Roma G.Navarra Universita' e INFN, Torino
O.Saavedra (Chairman) Universita' e INFN, Torino
E.Scapparone Lab.Naz.Gran Sasso, INFN, Assergi (L'Aquila)


The Xth ISVHECRI will focus on the present status of the experimental and theoretical research on very high energy interactions, a field of common interest for elementary particle and cosmic ray physics investigations. The physics of high energy interaction is in fact of crucial importance in the interpretation of the results obtained in cosmic ray physics. Extrapolations from the measurements obtained at the highest energy accelerators, with the guidance of theories on hadronic interactions, are needed to study cosmic rays in the most interesting regions of the "knee" and beyond. Conversely, measurements of high energy cosmic rays can shed light on the nature of the interactions at the highest energies, well beyond those obtainable in the foreseeable future in accelerators. Emulsion experiments at mountain altitudes have produced surprising results (like Centauros, antiCentauros and Chiron events) that are still unexplained; if confirmed, they could constitute possible evidence of new phenomena at high energies. The present situation will be summarized and discussed.


The program will include invited and contributed papers and will be organized in plenary sessions only. The following invited contributions are planned:
G.Altarelli (CERN) The Standard Model and the search for new physics relevant for Cosmic Rays.
V.Berezinski (LNGS) Ultra-high energy cosmic rays.
G.Battistoni (Milano) High energy interactions and cascades at ultra high energy.
R.Engel (Bartol) Implications of HERA results for very high energy cosmic ray physics.
L.Foa' (CERN) From LEP to LHC, a review of results and a look to the future.
L.W.Jones (USA) Comparison of accelerator and cosmic ray data.
J.Knapp (Karlsruhe) Comparison and comments on different models of hadronic interactions.
G.Navarra (Torino) Cosmic ray composition and interactions: measurements at the knee.
A.Ohsawa / Fujimoto / Hasegawa (Tokyo) Emulsion chamber experiments, a review of the main results in the last years. The challenge for the future.
T.Shibata (Aoyama) Energy spectrum and primary composition from direct measurements.
R.Stock (Frankfurt)(*) Search for Quark-Gluon Plasma: theory and experimental results.
A.Watson (Leeds) Energy spectrum and primary composition up to 10**20 eV.
(*) to be confirmed


Contributions to the Symposium will be accepted on the following topics:


The contributions will be given with oral presentations. The average allocated time for oral presentations will be about 15-20 min, but the final decision will be taken by the session organizers. The authors will be notified in due time of the acceptance or the rejection of their contribution. Physicists willing to contribute to the scientific program are invited to fill in the proper section in the Registration Form and to write a brief abstract in the Paper Form, which must be sent by e-mail NOT LATER THAN APRIL 6, 1998 (please, specify "Paper Form" in the mail subject). A maximum of half a page is allowed. The Symposium Proceedings will be most probably published in Nuclear Physics B, Proceedings Supplement; all contributing authors are expected to prepare a manuscript, following the prescriptions of this journal, WITHIN SEPTEMBER 15, 1998. Further details will be given in the second Bulletin.


The Fee is intended to be inclusive of all the lunches and coffee breaks during the week, the Welcome Reception, the Conference banquet and social activities, the Proceedings, the local transportation from the hotels to the Conference site and viceversa. The requested amount will thus be Lit. 600,000 (or 350 US$) and will be paid at the Registration desk upon arrival. All major currencies will be accepted, as well as EC, traveler or personal cheques. No credit cards can be accepted by the Organizing Committee.


The Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso are located at about 1000 m. above sea level, 18 Kms from the town of L'Aquila in the Abruzzo region, about 120 Kms north-east of Rome. Information about connections from Rome (Fiumicino) airport and Rome Termini railway station to the Conference site will be provided in Bulletin No. 2. Participants will be housed in hotels near the Laboratory or in L'Aquila. Indicative prices per day include room and breakfast. They will approximately range as follows:

SINGLE ROOM : from Lit. 70.000 to Lit. 90.000
DOUBLE ROOM (single occupancy) : from Lit. 80.000 to Lit.117.000
DOUBLE ROOM (prices for 2 people) : from Lit. 90.000 to Lit.150.000
A detailed list of the available hotels and prizes will be given in Bulletin 2.


Deadline for returning the Registration Form : Apr 6 1998
Deadline for receipt of Abstracts : Apr 6 1998
Mailing of Bulletin n.2 : May 4 1998
Arrival : Jul 12 1998
Symposium sessions : Jul 13-17 1998
Deadline for Proceedings manuscripts : Sep 15 1998


More detailed information about the organization of the Symposium will be provided in the second Bulletin. All communications with the registered participants will be handled by e-mail only.

ISVHECRI 98 Secretariat: E.Fantozzi,
Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso,
NFN, 67010 Assergi (AQ) - Italy
Phone: ++39-862-437236;
Fax: ++39-862-437570
WWW : HTTP://WWW.LNGS.INFN.IT choosing "Meetings and Seminars" and the topic "ISVHECRI 98".

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Erice, Italy

Director: Professor M. M. Shapiro

The International School of Cosmic-Ray Astrophysics will celebrate its 20th anniversary year with a course on "New Vistas in Astrophysics" July 15-23, 1998. At the Ettore Majorana Center in Erice, Italy (near Palermo), the session will take place in the pleasant ambiance of this scenic medieval town.

Applications from graduate students and post-docs should include a brief CV and a statement that travel funds are available. For graduate students a short note of endorsement by a senior scientist should be appended, No special application form is required.

This year, lacking a NATO grant, partial assistance with local expenses will be offered mainly to (a) students from overseas, i.e., those requiring trans-Atlantic or trans-Pacific travel, and (b) students from less developed countries. Qualified applicants who can defray all of their own expenses are virtually assured of admission.

Among the Lecturers are the following:

Confirmed-- Piero Galeotti, Francis Halzen, Martin Harwit, Eugene Low, Reimar Lüst, Paulo Macedo, Hubert Reeves, Livio Scarsi, Maurice Shapiro, Todor Stanev, John Wefel, Arnold Wolfendale.

To be confirmed-- James Cronin, Herbert Gursky, Chryssa Kouveliotou, Felix Mirabel, Angela Olinto, Raymond Protheroe, Norma Sanchez, John Simpson, Joseph Taylor, Johann van Paradijs, Gaurang Yodh.

Among the topics tentatively proposed are the following:

A limited number of senior participants can be accommodated. No subsides are available.

Apply to:
M. M. Shapiro, Director of the School,
205 Yoakum Pkwy, #1514
Alexandria, VA 22304, USA
Or to:
J. P. Wefel, Codirector of the Course
Dept. Of Physics
Baton Rouge, LA, USA

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Dear Colleagues

After the George's Wdowczyk passing away, the University of Lodz in Poland (where he was a professor of physics) decided to organize an annual lecture to commemorate him

The lecture would be given by an outstanding physicist to a rather broad community, to promote cosmic ray and high energy physics. If you are willing to donate a contribution for this purpose (to cover travel and accommodation costs of lecturers), please send a cheque (drawn on a rather well known bank) to me (address below), payable to:

University of Lodz
PBG 11 Oddzial
Piotrkowska 270
No 10801154-5555-300-80300

Maria Giller
Division of Experimental Physics
University of Lodz
Pomorska 149/153
90-236 LODZ

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John Valentine Jelley was born in 1918, At secondary school he showed a strong aptitude, for Physics, arid published a paper at the age of 16 in conjunction with his science teacher. In 1936 he went to Birmingham University, and on graduating in 1939 joined the Radar project, which would be crucial in the war which was about to start.

After an adventurous couple of years, radar reached an engineering phase in which physicists were less needed, so he transferred to the Anglo-French Atomic Energy Laboratory in Montreal. In 1946 he came home to England to resume his interrupted education in Physics. He took a Ph.D., in low energy nuclear physics in Cambridge.

Leaving Cambridge he joined the new Atomic Energy Research Establishment at Harwell, and took up the studies of cosmic rays and especially extensive air showers, which were to occupy him for nearly all of the rest of his career. His first important discovery was that of the Cerenkov light from individual charged particles. He was developing a large scintillation counter, and found that he was getting pulses nut of the toluene solvent, before the scintillating chemicals were added. Eventually he emptied out the toluene and substituted water. Pulses were still seen.

At this time Cerenkov radiation was almost unknown in the West and it took some time to prove (by its directional properties) that this indeed was the cause of the light pulses. This led him, with William Galbraith, to make the discovery which has perhaps been the most fruitful of all his work. Blackett had suggested that Cerenkov light from muons would contribute a small amount to the background light of the night sky. Galbraith and Jelley realised that in an air shower, where many particles come together, there could he a pulse detectable above background. In a very short time they demonstrated that this was so, and that the pulses were associated with showers.

In an expedition to the Pic du Midi in the French Pyrenees, they carried out the first astronomical observations. These were taken up by Chudakov and Zatsepin, working in the Crimea. For the first twenty years of the technique results from most groups were confined to upper limits, but with the development of imaging arid kindred methods positive results began to emerge and gamma ray sources were seen in the Tev region. The Crab nebula. is now a standard source.

In 1958, John was married to Joan Freeman, also a distinguished Physicist, but in her case in nuclear Physics. In the late fifties they went on a sabbatical, Joan to MIT and John to Harvard. In Harvard John shared in the development of a low temperature maser for radio astronomy, one of the first. At about this time he wrote his book on Cerenkov Radiation, a standard work and still of great interest. In the middle sixties, he was the acknowledged leader of the Harwell, Jodrell. Bank and Dublin collaboration which discovered radio signals from air showers.

As a friend and colleague he was regarded with great affection. Genera-Lions of graduate students learnt from him meticulous Physics. He always insisted on doing a calibration run at about 0300 in the morning, when we were at a low ebb arid did not have his ability to work through the. night without showing any signs of strain.

He retired early, and bought a small yacht, which he, Joan and various friends used to sail. He developed an interest in the tides, and worked for some years on a book on them. He died on July 27, 1997. To Joan and to their many friends we extend our sympathy.

Neil Porter. Oct 4, 1997

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